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Thomson multimedia timeline (1900-1930)
1900 - Nipper appeared on Eldridge Johnson's first
talking machine, which was sold for $3. Dr. Reginald Fessenden demonstrated
the first transmission and reception of a human voice by wireless.
1901 - Marconi telegraphed the letter "s" across the
Atlantic Ocean. Eldridge Johnson started the Victor Talking Machine
1904 - Enrico Caruso signed his first contract to record
1906 - Victor Talking Machine introduces its first
" Victrola " concealed-horn phonograph. Inventor Lee de Forest called
his new three element electron "audio" tube a "new receiver for
1910 - Emile Girardeau discovered a new way of communicating:
the wireless, and set up La Société Française
Radio Electrique (SFRE).
1915 - Eugène Ducretet's death.
1916 - Sarnoff suggested the " radio music box " to
Marconi management. The idea was to bring music into the house by
1917 - On Good Friday, April 7th, the U.S. declared
war on Germany. Two days later, the President ordered the Navy to
take over all wireless operations.
1918 - World War I ended on November 11.
1919 - Compagnie Générale de Télégraphie
Sans Fil (CSF) set up as SFRE's parent company Emile Girardeau invited
four thousand people to the first ever live transmission of a radio
program. The Radio Corporation of America, with the patents of General
Electric and Marconi, is created.
1920 - The first commercial broadcast license is granted
to Westinghouse for station KDKA in Pittsburgh, which began broadcasting
one hour a day. Thomson-Houston diversified into home appliances,
manufacturing heating and kitchen equipment.
1921 - CFTH and Companie Générale d'Electricité
(CGE) set up Companie Des Lampes. CFTH began selling radio transmitting
and receiving apparatus.
1921 - RCA began selling radio transmitting and receiving
apparatus. Plant in Bloomington, Indiana, began again its commercial
1922 - The first radio commercial is broadcasted, offering
apartments near New York City.
1925 - Auguste Detoeuf joined the Thomson Company.
1926 - CFTH's telephone department, CTTH, sold its
stake to ITT National Broadcasting Company and is organized as a
"broadcast service of RCA".
1927 - Rose Bowl Game broadcast was heard coast-to-coast
on NBC radio.
1928 - Auguste Detoeuf created the huge conglomerate
Alsthom which he headed for ten years
1929 - The acquisition of Etablissements Ducretet by
Compagnie Française Thomson-Houston marked the group's beginning
in the world of radio and television. RCA purchased Victor Talking
Machine Company for $154 million. " His Master 's Voice " trademark
acquired by RCA with purchase of Victor Talking Machine Company.
After the stock market crash, RCA stock plunged $55 million in just
one year. Sarnoff hired Vladimir Zworykin to develop RCA television.
NBC hired Rudy Vallee as host for a new variety show and opens experimental
TV station W2XBS in New York. Thomson-Houston took over Etablissements
DUCRETET, moving into electronics.